Tunica vaginalis

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Tunica vaginalis
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The right testis, exposed by laying open the tunica vaginalis. (Tunica vaginalis is labeled at upper right.)
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Varieties of oblique inguinal hernia.
Latin tunica vaginalis testis
Gray's subject #258 1242
Precursor Processus vaginalis
Dorlands/Elsevier t_22/12832403

The tunica vaginalis is the serous covering of the testis.

It is a pouch of serous membrane, derived from the saccus vaginalis of the peritoneum, which in the fetus preceded the descent of the testis from the abdomen into the scrotum.

After its descent, that portion of the pouch which extends from the abdominal inguinal ring to near the upper part of the gland becomes obliterated; the lower portion remains as a shut sac, which invests the surface of the testis, and is reflected on to the internal surface of the scrotum; hence it may be described as consisting of a visceral and a parietal lamina.

Visceral lamina

The visceral lamina (lamina visceralis) covers the greater part of the testis and epididymis, connecting the latter to the testis by means of a distinct fold.

From the posterior border of the gland it is reflected on to the internal surface of the scrotum.

Parietal lamina

The parietal lamina (lamina parietalis) is far more extensive than the visceral, extending upward for some distance in front and on the medial side of the cord, and reaching below the testis.

The inner surface of the tunica vaginalis is smooth, and covered by a layer of simple cuboidal endothelial cells.

The interval between the visceral and parietal laminæ constitutes the cavity of the tunica vaginalis.

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This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant.

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